Honey is traditionally used in the treatment of wounds, burns, and skin ulcers. In recent years there have been extensive studies on the effectiveness of honey in wound healing, which has resulted in very convincing evidence of the healing properties of this sweet liquid. Honey contains about 40% fructose, 30% glucose, 5% sucrose and 20% water. It also contains several amino acids, antioxidants, vitamins, minerals, and glucose oxidase (produces hydrogen peroxide and gluconic acid, and gives the honey an acidic pH of 3.2-4.5).
Healing properties of honey
Honey has long been documented healing properties. Honey and sugar paste were associated with the healing of deep wounds, practically without leaving scars. It is indicated that injuries treated showed less edema with a topical application of honey, less necrosis, better wound contraction and epithelialization improved (formation of epithelial cells, for example during wound healing), while it also promotes the formation of granulation tissue. Honey stimulates the growth of tissue, synthesis of collagen and the development of new blood vessels in the wounds.
Biomedical research explains why baby produces such good results. Thus ensures honey, when it is used as a dressing for wounds, a moist healing environment, it quickly grows out of the infection, deodorize and reduces inflammation, edema, and exudation. Also, these gold-colored liquid increases the rate of healing by stimulating angiogenesis, granulation, and epithelialization, resulting in skin transplantation becomes redundant, and excellent cosmetic results are obtained.
Honey and diabetes
In 2004, nearly 11 million people worldwide were such burns, which they needed medical assistance. The World Health Organization (WHO) released a fact sheet in April 2014, in which she indicated that in India more than one million people suffer severe and less severe burns each year. Furthermore, according to a 2010 article published in the US National Library of Medicine that in the United States an estimated 6.5 million health care gets because of chronic skin ulcers caused by pressure, venous stasis, or diabetes mellitus. Since diabetes on wound healing and according to the World Health Organization (WHO) in 2016 more than 400 million people worldwide suffer from diabetes, honey could also play in wound care a role should not be underestimated as a result of diabetes a significant impact.
The Scientific World Journal published on April 5, 2011, the investigation Honey for Wound Healing, Ulcers, and Burns; Data Supporting Its Use in Clinical Practice, in which the effect of honey on wounds has been described. For example, a study in Egypt, where 30 people were treated with infected diabetic foot wounds with clover honey, held that complete healing at a whopping 43.3% of the ulcers. Further, the names ulcers at 43.3% of the patients down in size, and a healthy granulation was observed. The honey dressing was applied to the wounds period of three months until healing occurred. This research was conducted by S. Noori Al-Waili, Khalid Salom, and Ahmad A. Al-Ghamdi, Al-Wali’s Foundation for Sciences, Chronic Wound Management and Hyperbaric Medicine, Life Support Technology Group, New York, U.S.A., and Bee Research Chair, King Saud University, Riyadh, K.S.A. According to the researchers, commercial clover honey is a clinical and cost-effective solution for diabetic wounds in developing countries.
No microbial resistance to honey
Microbial resistance to honey has never been reported, making it a promising topical antimicrobial agent against infection by antibiotic-resistant bacteria (such as the MDR S. macrophilia) and in the treatment of chronic wounds and infections that do not respond to antibiotics. Honey is thus used as a last resort or medication. In this context, the Manuka honey has been extensively studied and are antibacterial potential is known worldwide.
Tualang honey to treat stomach infections
Also, the potential of other types of honey, such as the Tualang honey, against micro-organisms suggests its potential be used as an alternative therapeutic agent in certain medical conditions, in particular, wound infection. The growth of bacterial species that cause stomach infections, such as S. Typhi, S. Flexner, and E. coli, may be inhibited by low concentrations of Tualang honey. The Tualang honey is very effective against E. coli, S. Typhi, and S. pyogenic and may when taken orally in Pure; undiluted form accelerates the recovery of such infections. Honey is further useful as a replacement for glucose in oral dehydrating agents, and the anti-bacterial activity shortens the duration of bacterial diarrhea.
Incidentally, the Clostridium botulinum can survive in honey, and so the risk exists of botulism and gangrene, which are why the baby advocates is to be sterilized using gamma radiation. Clostridium botulinum is a bacterium that can cause severe food poisoning. It is, therefore, important to the medical use of honey in wound care and thus risking no bacterial contamination.
Proven applications in wound healing
According to the issue mentioned above of Scientific World Journal was examined the utility of honey as an alternative means in abdominal wounds in Thailand. Fifteen patients in whom the wounds after a cesarean section is not well-cured were treated with an application of honey in place of the traditional wound dressings. Within two weeks, an excellent result was achieved in all cases, and complete healing took place. Israel had nine babies with big, open, infected wounds that are not cured with conventional treatment, treatment with honey. All infants showed a clear clinical improvement after five days after they twice per day, 5 to 10 ml of honey were given as a wound treatment.
Injuries of various nature
In Nigeria were 59 patients with wounds and ulcers, most of which, but not cured using the conventional method, treated with unprocessed honey. A remarkable improvement took place in less than 58 cases. In France, 40 patients received a topical application of honey to wounds of various kinds: surgical, accidental, infectious, trophic and burns. Of the 33 patients who were treated only cured with honey dressing 29 patients successfully. It was found that honey was quickly and nicely cleaned the borders of the wounds.